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HARVARD UNIVERSITY.

LIBRARY

OF THE

MUSEUM OF COMPARATIVE ZOOLOGY.

ask.

( ( See \5, Qos Sioa \Yot.

TRANSACTIONS AND PROCEEDINGS

Roe f Ui -

OF THE

ROYAL SOCIETY of SOUTH AUSTRALIA

({NCORPORATED).

—— —- --—<>------ ——

WW Oa. : soe VV EE

[Wit "Two PLATES. |

EDITED BY WALTER HOWCHIN, E.GS.

J Anelaide : W. C. RIGBY, 74, KING WILLIAM STREET.

DECEMBER, 1903.

Parcels for transmission to the Royal Society of South Aus-

tralia, from Europe and America, should be addressed ‘per

W. C. Rigby, care Messrs Thos. Meadows & Co., 34, Milk Street, Cheapside, London.”’

Roval Society of South Australia, INCORPORATED.

Patron :

HIS EXCELLENCY LORD TENNYSON {GOVERNOR-GENERAL OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA).

ae ea OFFICERS for 1903-4.

President : JOSEPH C. VERCO M.D., F.B.C.S.

Vice- Presidents :

PROF. E. H. RENNIE, M.A., D.Sc. REV. THOMAS BLACKBURN, B.A.

Hon. Creasurer : WALTER ROUTT, C.E.

Son. Secretary and Sealbolder : G. G. MAYO, C.E.

Members of Council :

SAMUEL DIXON

W. H. SELWAY

PROF. E. C. STIRLING, M.A., M,.D., F.R.S., C.M.G.

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W. HOWCHIN, F.G.S. (Editor and Representative Governor) E. ASHBY

Auditor : J. ©. LLOYD:

SON rE NFS.

ParT I. (Issued July, 1903).

PAGE,

TuRNER, Dr. A. JEFFERIS: New Australian Lepidoptera, with Synonomic and other Notes ee ae ae a ser

LOWER, OswWALD B.: Descriptions of New Australian Noctuina, &c....

HowcHIN, WALTER: Further Notes on the Geology of Kangaroo Island ae ae aes sai 206 alse ae

BLACKBURN, Rev. T.: Further Notes on Australian Coleoptera, with Descriptions of New Genera and Species (xxxii.) Hae

PART II. (Issued December, 1903.) Lower, O. B.: Descriptions of New Genera and See: of Australian Lepidoptera ae HiaceIn, A. J.: An Analysis of the Ash of Acacia salicina

RENNIE, Pror., and A. J. HIGGIN: Notes on euEEO Volcanic Dust from the Northern Territory oie ee

Woo.nouGu, W. G.: Microscopical Examination of seed Volcanic Dust from the Northern Territory va te we

DENNANT, J.: Descriptions of New Species of Corals from the Aus- tralian Tertiaries. Plates I. andII. ... Pe sis

Lower, O. B.: Descriptions of New Species of Xysmatodoma, &c. MAIDEN, J. H.: On Eucalyptus odorata

Jouncock, C. F.: Notes on Loranthus exocarpi

GARTRELL, H. W.: The Port Victor Granite

BLAcKBURN, REv. T.: Further Notes on Australian Coleoptera with

Descriptions of New Genera and Species (XXXITI.) ABSTRACT OF PROCEEDINGS ave ANNUAL REPORT BALANCE SHEET is ae ses PRESIDENT’S ADDRESS ... DONATIONS TO THE LIBRARY =... List OF FELLows, &c. ..

PROCEEDINGS, ANNUAL REPORT, AND BALANCE SHEET OF THE FIELD NATURALISTS’ SECTION

REPORT OF THE NATIVE FAUNA AND FLORA PROTECTION COMMITTEE REPORT OF THE MALACOLOGICAL SECTION are i RULES AND By-LAWS OF THE SOCIETY ...

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ogy TRANSACTIONS

OF THE

ROYAL SOCIETY of SOUTH AUSTRALIA,

VOL. XXVII., Part I.

EDITED BY WALTER HOWCHIN, F.GS.

ISSUED JULY, 1903.

Avelawe : W. C. RIGBY, 74, KING WILLIAM STREET.

Parcels for transmission to the Royal Society of South

Australia, from Europe and America, should be addressed

«per W. C. Rigby, care Messrs. Thos. Meadows & Co., 34, Milk Street, Cheapside, London.”

NEw AUSTRALIAN LEPIDOPTERA, WITH SYNONOMIC AND OTHER NOTES.

By A. Jerreris Turner, M.D., F.E.S.

[Read May 5, 1903 ]

Fam. NOCTUIDA,

Sub-fam., AGARISTINA,

Though a very natural group, this cannot, I believe, be separated from the Noctwide by any single structural character, and it is therefore, I consider, best treated as a sub-family. Sir Geo. Hampson restricts the Agaristide to those genera having antenne more or less dilated before apex, but I do not think this is a natura! line of division.

CRURIA SYNOPLA, 7”. sp.

(Sunoplos, allied).

Male and female, 46-54 mm. Differs from Cruria donovani, Bdv., as follows :—Wings with markings of a deeper shade of ochreous ; spots on forewings smaller, basal and subapical spots nearly obsolete ; spots beneath end of cell, and to a less extent than in cell, obscured by dark-fuscous:irroration ; basal subcostal streak reduced toa thin row of scales; a well-marked narrow streak from base of dorsum parallel to basal half of lower edge of cell; cilia with white bars less marked and obsolete in apical half of termen of forewing. A fine ochreous line across thorax connects the dorsal streaks of the forewings.

This species has been confused with C. donovani, and I can understand naturalists who are not acquainted with both forms in their natural state doubting their distinctness. Both forms are constant in their markings, and the median basal streak of forewings of the present species distinguishes it at once. Bois- duval’s description of C. donovani would apply to either species, but Herrich-Schaeffer’s accurate figure is certainly donovani, as is also Butler’s figure (I'l. Het., B.M., [, Pl. iv., f 7), but Hampson’s woodcut of donovani (Cat. Lep. Phal., IIT, p. 546) is taken from an example of synopla.

Both species occur on the coast of Southern Queensland, synopla being especially abundant. Donovani is abundant on the Darling Downs, but I have not observed the former there.

2

Mr. Illidge informs me that the larve of synopla feed on Colocasia.

Type in coll. Turner.

Queensland, Nambour, Brisbane, Mt. Tambourine.

N.S. Wales, Ballina (Richmond River); from November to March.

Gen. IDALIMA, nov.

(EHidalimos, comely.)

Head with an anterior rounded protuberance. Palpi moderate, obliquely ascending; second joint densely hairy beneath ; terminal joint short, naked, obtuse. Antenne in male simple, shortly and evenly ciliated. Thorax and abdomen not crested. Middle and posterior tibiz not hairy on upper surface. Fore- wings with vein 2 from posterior fifth of cell; 7, 8, 9 stalked, 10 from areole. Hindwings with 3 and 4 closely approximated at base, 5 from middle of cell, 6 and 7 connate.

Distinguished from Apina, Wlk., by the rounded frontal pro- tuberance, the simple non-serrated male antenne, and the smooth mid and posterior tibie.

Type Agarista affinis, Bdv. I also refer maculosa, Roths., to_ this genus.

Gen. CoENOTOCA, nov.

( Koinotokos, of common descent.)

Head with a strong conical obtusely-pointed frontal process. Palpi moderate, porrect or slightly ascending; second joint clothed with dense hairs beneath ; terminal joint short, naked, obtuse. Antenne in male serrate, shortly and evenly ciliated. Thorax clothed with very long hairs above. Abdomen with dorsal crests on proximal segments, that on first segment rather large. Mid and posterior tibie hairy on upper surface. Fore- wings with vein 2 from terminal fifth of cell, 7, 8, 9 stalked, 10 from areole. Hindwings with 3 and 4 closely approximated at base, 5 from middle of cell, 6 and 7 connate.

Differs from the preceding in the differently-shaped frontal process, serrated antenne of the male, and in the presence of abdominal crests.

CoENOTCCA MONOPHYES, 2. sp.

(Monophues, simple.)

Male, 30-32 mm. Head blackish, lower edge of face and a pair of spots behind antenne whitish. Palpi blackish, second joint beneath whitish at base and apex. Antenne blackish. Thorax dark-fuscous. Abdomen dark-fuscous ; apices of segments bright-ochreous, more broadly so on sides, white beneath. Legs dark-fuscous, annulated with white. Forewings triangular, costa nearly straight, apex round-pointed, termen rounded, moderately

3

oblique ; dark-fuscous ; a conspicuous white fascia from three- fifths costa to tornus, slightly dilated in disc, and contracted at tornus ; cilia dark-fuscous. Hindwings with termen rounded ; blackish ; cilia blackish. Under surface like upper surface, but forewings with white spots at base and end of cell, and hind- wings with a discal and tornal white spot, and some white irrora- tion near base.

Type in coll. Turner.

N.S. Wales, Ballina (Richmond River); two specimens received from Mr. G. A. Waterhouse.

Sub-fam. CARADRININ2E.

Section AGROTINAE.

CANTHYLIDIA EODORA. Heliothis eodora, Meyr., Tr. E.8 , 1902, p. 26. Canthylidia tenuistria, Turn, P.L.8., N.S.W., 1902, p. 79. Queensland, Brisbane. N.S. Wales, Sydney (?).

HELIOTHIS PUNCTIFERA.

Heliothis punctifera, W\k., Brit. Mus. Cat., XI., p. 691.

Heliothis leucatma, Meyr., Tr. E.8., 1897, p. 368.

North Queensland, Ravenswood. Queensland, Brisbane, Dalby. Victoria, Melbourne. N.S. Wales, Broken Hill.

BUCIARA BIPARTITA.

Buciara bipartita, Wik., Char. Undess. Lep., p, 36 (teste Hampson).

Actinotia acmophora, Meyr., Tr. E.S., 1897, p. 370.

Victoria, Melbourne.

Section MAMESTRINZ.

MAMESTRA XANTHOCOSMA, 7. Sp.

(Xanthocosmos, ornamented with yellow.)

Male, 27 mm. Head, thorax, palpi, and antenne brownish- fuscous. Abdomen grey-whitish. Legs brownish-fuscous. Fore- wings elongate-triangular ; brownish-fuscous ; basal, antemedian, and postmedian transverse lines paler, partly outlined with dark- fuscous ; a broad median ochreous-yellow streak between basal and antemedian lines, followed by a small dark-fuscous suftusion ; a dark-fuscous suffusion on dorsum beneath streak ; orbicular obsolete ; reniform ochreous-yellow in upper two-thirds, slenderly outlined with dark-fuscous ; a broad ochreous-yellow streak above dorsum from postmedian line halfway to termen; an obscure dentate pale subterminal line; cilia brownish-fuscous. Hindwings

4

with termen sinuate beneath apex ; whitish, towards costa, apex, and termen suffused with grey; cilia grey, with a whitish basal line, on tornus and inner margin whitish. Type in coll. Agricultural Department, Queensland. Queensland (?); one specimen without locality.

LEUCANIA ACONTOSEMA, 7. sp.

(Akontosemos, marked with a dart—in allusion to the basal streak. )

Male, 40mm. Head, thorax, palpi, and antenne grey-whitish. Abdomen whitish. Legs pale-grey, mixed with whitish. Fore- wings elongate-triangular, grey-whitish, a blackish median streak from base to one-fourth, a blackish dot on costa at one-eighth, a second at one-fourth, and a third at five-eighths ; antemedian line dark-fuscous, dentate, partly obscured, from second costal dot to dorsum at one-third ; orbicular and reniform pale, surrounded by a fuscous suffusion ; postmedian line dark-fuscous, interrupted, from third costal dot, at first strongly outwardly-curved, then slightly inwardly curved to dorsum at two-thirds ; an interrupted dark-fuscous terminal line, forming a series of wedge-shaped dots ; cilia whitish, with a broad median fuscous line. Hindwings with termen sinuate beneath apex ; whitish, towards termen suffused, with grey ; cilia white.

Type in Queensland Museum.

Queensland, Rockhampton ; one specimen.

Section CARADRININA.

CARADRINA RECLUSA.

Prodenia reclusa, Wlk., J. Linn. 8., VI, p. 185 (1862). Caradrina heliarcha, Meyr., Tr. E.S., 1897, p. 370. North Queensland, Townsville. Queensland, Brisbane.

CARADRINA ACALLIS, 2. sp.

(Akallis, without beauty.)

Male and female, 27 mm. Head, thorax, and palpi ochreous- whitish, irrorated with fuscous. Antenne fuscous. Abdomen pale-grey. Legs grey. Forewings elongate-triangular ; whitish, suffused with fuscous—the suffusion is darker in median part of disc from base to termen; basal and antemedian lines ohsolete;. orbicular and reniform represented by well-marked blackish spots, with an intervening pale spot; postmedian line slender, dark- fuscous from two-thirds costa to two-thirds dorsum, slightly waved ; a blackish median longitudinal streak beyond this ; cilia pale-fuscous. Hindwings with termen rounded, whitish ; cilia whitish.

5

Type female in coll. Turner. There is a male in the Queensland Museum. Queensland, Brisbane, in April; two specimens.

CARADRINA POLIOCROSSA, 7. sp.

(Polios, grey ; krossos, a border—grey-margined).

Male, 28 mm. Head brownish. Palpi whitish; external surface, except towards apex, dark-fuscous. Antenne fuscous. Thorax grey, slightly purplish-tinged; collar dark-fuscous. Abdomen grey. Forewings elongate-triangular; purplish-grey, partly suffused with chestnut-brown ; the brown suffusion is best marked in posterior part of disc, where it is sharply defined in a slightly wavy line from shortly before apex to shortly before tornus, leaving a grey terminal band; antemedian and postmedian lines double, fuscous, dentate towards dorsum; orbicular and reniform faintly indicated, the latter containing a few white scales; a fine interrupted dark-fuscous terminal line; cilia brownish-fuscous, with an interrupted grey-whitish median line. Hindwings with termen slightly sinuate; grey; cilia whitish, mixed with grey.

Type in the Queensland Museum.

West Australia, Albany ; one specimen.

DIPHTHERA BERYLLODES, 7. sp.

(Berullodes, like a green jewel.)

Male, 38 mm. Head bluish-green. Palpi ochreous-whitish external surface mixed with dark-fuscous. Antenne fuscous. Thorax bluish-green ; anterior surface of anterior crest brownish- fuscous ; a few dark-fuscous scales in posterior crests and apices of patagiez. Abdomen whitish-ochreous, segments slenderly out- lined with fuscous; first dorsal crest bluish-green, the others dark-fuscous. Legs dark-fuscous, annulated with ochreous- whitish ; upper half of external surface of anterior and middle tibize bluish-green. Forewings triangular, clear bluish-green, a dark-fuscous median dot near base, connected with a second dot, which hes between it and a semilunar spot on costa at one-sixth —the last is preceded and followed by a minute costal dot, and the disc between spots is suffused with white ; orbicular repre- sented by a white spot, and reniform by a white spot with black centre ; a black spot on mid-costa, from which a suffused blackish line proceeds to mid-dorsum ; an irregular fuscous subterminal fascia, constricted in middle, edged anteriorly first with black, then with white—this fascia gives off above middle a projection to termen ; a series of blackish terminal dots ; cilia bluish-green, barred with dark-fuscous. Hindwings with termen rounded ;

6

whitish ochreous ; a Jarge median spot and a broad terminal band dark-fuscous ; cilia as forewings.

Type in coll. Relton.

Queensland, Dulong (Blackall Range) ; one specimen taken by Mr, R. H. Relton.

MoLVENA GUTTALIS.

Molvena guttalis, Wik., Brit. Mus. Cat., XX XIV., p. 1,267.

Beyophila militata, Luc., P.R.S.Q., 1898, p. 71.

North Queensland, Townsville. Queensland, Brisbane, Kil- larney.

Sub-fam. PLUSIAN. Section SARROTHRIPINA. xen. AMALOPTILA, nov.

(Amaloptilos, with feeble wings.)

Head with appressed scales, a triangular tuft of anteriorly projecting scales on face. Tongue well developed. Palpi stout, loosely scaled, obliquely ascending, not reaching above middle of face ; second joint rather long, terminal joint short, stout, trun- cate. Antenne in male somewhat serrate, with short ciliations(1). Thorax and abdomen not crested. Forewings elongate, obovate ; retinaculum of male bar-shaped ; vein 2 from two-thirds, 3 from angle, 4 and 5 approximated at base from well above angle, 6 from near upper angle, 7, 8, 9 stalked, 10 free, 11 free, no areole. Hindwings with 3 and 4 stalked, 5 closely approximated at origin to 3+4, 6 and 7 separate, 8 anastomosing with cell to middle.

AMALOPTILA TRIORBIS, 7%. Sp.

(Triorbis, bearing three circles.)

Male, 34 mm. Head, thorax, palpi, and antenne whitish-grey, with a few fuscous scales. Abdomen whitish. Legs, anterior pair whitish-grey, mixed with fuscous—middle and posterior pairs broken. Forewings elongate, obovate, costa strongly arched, apex rounded, termen obliquely rounded; whitish-grey, with scattered fuscous scales and markings ; a short longitudinal streak from base beneath costa ; a line from one-sixth costa obliquely outwards to fold, thence inwardly curved tc one-sixth dorsum ; orbicular and reniform finely outlined; a third circle in disc beneath and midway hetween these; a postmedian line from costa at two-thirds, with an obtuse posterior projection in disc, thence inwardly oblique to dorsum at three-fifths ; a rather suf- fused subterminal line, indented above and below middle ; suffused longitudinal terminal streaks between veins; cilia whitish-grey. Hindwings with termen slightly sinuate beneath

7

apex, white, a grey terminal suffusion from apex not reaching tornus ; cilia grey, towards tornus and on inner margin white. Type in coll. Lvell. ; N.S. Wales, Newcastle ; one specimen.

SARROTHRIPA POLYCYMA.

(Polukumos, with many waves.)

Sarrothripa polycyma, Turn,, Tr. R.S., 8S A., 1899, p. 17.

Sarrothripus crystallites, Meyr., Tr. E.S., 1902, p. 48.

Type in coll. Turner.

Queensland, Brisbane.

HYPOTHRIPA POLIA.

Hypothripa polia, Hmps., J, Bombay N.H.S., XI, p. 452 (1897).

Hypothripa vallata, Meyr., Tr. E.S., 1902, p. 47.

North Queensland, Townsville. Queensland, Brisbane.

Section ACONTIANA. CYMATOPHOROPSIS CATAGRAPHA, 7. sp.

(Katagraphos, embroidered). - Male, 30 mm. Head and thorax fuscous-brown; face brownish- ochreous. Palpi fuscous-brown, inferiorly brownish-ochreous. Antenne fuscous, in male shortly ciliated (one-half). Abdomen whitish, crests brownish-fuscous, terminal segment fuscous. Legs whitish, anterior pair and tarsi mixed with fuseous. Forewings elongate-triangular, costa slightly arched, apex round-pointed, termen obliquely rounded; retinaculum in male bar-shaped ; fuscous-brown, partly mixed with dark-fuscous; markings ochreous-whitish ; a broad basal streak, dilated at base, along fold to one-third, giving off two fine oblique streaks beneath, parallel to veins; a minute tuft of black scales rests on upper margin of this streak at one-sixth; a large oval apical blotch from three-fifths cesta to apex, containing some brownish scales ; a small triangular basal spot with brownish centre on dorsum before tornus ; a series of minute ochreous-whitish terminal dots, prolonged in cilia, that above tornus is larger; cilia brownish. Hindwings with termen faintly waved, white, a large apical- fuscous suffusion ; cilia whitish.

Referred to this genus prvuvisionally and with some doubt.

Type in coll, Agricultural Department, Queensland.

North Suse lnad. Cairns ; one specimen.

CAREA PLAGIOSCIA, 7. sp.

(Plagioskios, obliquely shaded.) Male, 40 mm. Head, thorax, and palpi dark-chestnut-brown. Antennz fuscous, in male very shortly ciliated (one-quarter).

8

Abdomen fuscous. Legs pale-brownish, anterior pair fuscous ; mid and hind femora and tibize densely clothed with long hairs ; postenor tibie in male without spurs, but with a tuft of long hairs from extremity closely approximated to the very long and much dilated first joint of tarsus. Forewings sub-oblong, costa twice sinuate, apex acute, slightly produced, termen obtusely angled on vein 4; brownish, slightly purplish tinged ; base of dorsum suffused with chestnut-brown ; a straight oblique shade of dark-fuscous «nd brown scales from mid-costa to tornus ; cilia brown. Hindwings with termen rounded, indented above tornus ; dark-fuscous ; cilia brownish, towards tornus fuscous. Underside of wings reddish brown, forewings suffused with fuscous, except towards costa and apex.

Type in Queensland Museum. North Queensland, Geraldton (Johnstone River); one specimen.

Section HoMoPreRIN&. THYAS AMIDETA, %. sp.

(Ameidetos, gloomy.)

Female, 68 mm. Head, thorax, palpi, and antenne greys Abdomen ochreous ; basal segment grey. Legs grey. Forewings triangular, costa nearly straight, apex acute, termen straight, rounded beneavh, slightly oblique; grey, with sparsely scattered dark-fuscous scales; markings dark-fuscous; a fine indistinct line from near base of costa to fold ; a straight outwardly oblique antemedian line from one-fourth costa to one-third dorsum ; a straight inwardly oblique postmedian line from three-fourths costa to twothirds dorsum ; orbicular obsolete ; reniform repre- sented by a cluster of dark-fuscous dots ; an obscure subterminal series of minute dots; cilia grey. Hindwings with termen rounded ; fuscous, a suffused paler shade from tornus towards mid-costa, a narrow grey terminal suffusion not reaching to apex or tornus; cilia grey.

Allied to Ophiusa coronata, Fab., but hindwings without yellow.

Type in coll. Agricultural Department, Queensland.

North Queensland, Cairns; one specimen.

THyYAS REDUNCA. Ophiusa redunca, Swin., Cat. Oxf. Mus., IT., p. 141 (1900). Thyas aellora, Meyr., Tr. E.8., 1902, p. 29. Ophiusa trophidota, Turn., P.LS., N.S.W., 1902, p. 95. Queensland, Brisbane.

9

THYAS HICANORA, 2. sp.

{ Hikanoros, becoming, seemingly.)

Male, 44 mm. Head, thorax, and palpi fuscous, tinged with ochreous. Antenne grey. Abdomen dark-grey. Legs dark- grey. Forewings triangular, costa straight, slightly arched towards apex, apex round-pointed, termen rounded, slightly oblique, crenulate; fuscous, tinged with ochreous; a faint, ‘fuscous, slightly sinuate antemedian line from one-fourth costa to one-third dorsum; a fuscous median dot; ground-colour sharply defined by a brownish postmedian line from three-fourths costa, slightly outwardly arched near costa, then straight to before tornus—this line is preceded by a dark-fuscous suffusion ; ‘beyond postmedian line disc is whitish-grey, with the exception -of a triangular brownish suffusion from line to apex ; a terminal -series of minute blackish dots between crenulations ; cilia fuscous, tinged with ochreous, on tornus whitish-grey. Hindwings with termen rounded, dark-fuscous, towards base paler; a suffused whitish oblique streak from inner margin at two-thirds, towards -costa at one-third; a short white terminal line from beneath apex to vein 5; a narrow whitish suffusion from vein 3 to tornus; -cilia fuscous, on terminal line white, on tornal suffusion whitish.

Type in coll. Turner.

North. Queensland, Townsville, in February ; one specimen received from Mr. F. P. Dodd. |

Section NoctTulns.

PoLYDESMA AURICULATA, %. Sp.

(Auricwlatus, eared—in allusion to the complex fovea on fore- wing.)

Male, 31 mm. Head, thorax, and paipi dark-fuscous, irrorated with ochreous-whitish. Antenne ochreous-whitish, annulated with black; in male simple. Abdomen fuscous. Legs dark- fuscous, mixed with ochreous-whitish. Forewings triangular, costa slightly arched near base, then straight ; apex tolerably pointed, termen bowed, oblique; in male with two deeply excavated thinly-scaled foveas beneath costa towards base—on lower surface these form roundish projections with a deep fovea between, the whole overlapped by the long highly-developed retinaculum, and by a shorter ridge, on which is a short triangular process arising from median vein; dark-fuscous, mixed with -ochreous-whitish, the dark scales tending to form transverse fascie ; postmedian line obscure, dentate, from three-fourths costa to two-thirds dorsum, strongly sigmoid; an interrupted ‘dark-fuscous terminal line; cilia dark-fuscous. Hindwings with termen rounded, slightly crenulate, fuscous ; a faint postmedian

10

line, followed near tornus by a pale line ; terminal line and cilia as forewings.

Type in coll. Ilidge.

Queensland, Killarney, in November ; one specimen.

CORULA ISCHNODES, 1. sp.

(Ischnodes, of meagre appearance. )

Male and female, 25-30 mm. Head and palpi fuscous-grey. Antenne fuscous; in male with moderate ciliations (14) and longer bristles (24). Thorax grey. Abdomen fuscous-whitish. Legs grey, posterior pair whitish. Forewings elongate, costa rather strongly arched, apex rounded, termen obliquely rounded ; grey, partly suffused with whitish-grey ; most veins outlined with dark-fuscous ; orbicular obsolete, reniform faintly indicated by a darker shade; antemedian and postmedian lines indicated in whitish-grey ; a terminal series of dark-fuscous, very short, longitudinal streaks between veins ; cilia grey. Hindwings with termen slightly sinuate; fuscous, towards base suffused with whitish ; cilia whitish.

Type 1 in coll. Lyell.

N.S. Wales, Sydney. Victoria, Kewell, Birchip. Six Arise

HYPERLOPHA AMICTA, 7. sp.

(Amiktos, unmixed, without markings.)

Female, 50 mm. Head, thorax, and palpi ochreous-grey, with a few sparsely scattered dark-fuscous scales. Antennz ochreous- grey. Abdomen ochreous-grey. Legs ochreous-grey, with a few sparsely scattered dark-fuscous scales. Forewings triangular, costa slightly arched, apex acute, termen sigmoid beneath apex, not oblique, rounded beneath ; pale-ochreous-grey, with a few sparsely scattered dark-fuscous scales ; cilia concolorous. Hind- wings with termen rounded; fuscous, basal third ochreous- whitish ; cilia whitish.

Type in Queensland Museum.

North Queensland (?) ; one specimen without locality.

Section ERASTRIANZ

TARACHE NIVIPICTA.

Acontia nivipicta, Butl., Tr. E.S., 1886, p. 400.

Tarache clerana, Low, P.L.S., N.S.W., 1901, p. 658.

Tarache hieroglyphica, Low., P.L.8., N.S.W., 1901, p. 658.

I believe these forms are merely varietal; all three are taken commonly on the Queensland coast.

Queensland, Peak Downs, Brisbane, Dalby, Southport. NS. Wales, Sydney, Broken Hill. N.W. Australia, Roeburne,. Derby.

KE

XANTHOPTERA ALBICERIS, 7%. Sp.

(Albiceris, whitish-yellow.)

Male, 17 mm. Head and palpi ochreous. Antenne grey, towards base ochreous ; in male moderately ciliated (1) with fine slightly longer bristles. Thorax and abdomen pale-ochreous. Legs pale-ochreous; anterior pair grey in front. Forewings triangular, costa slightly arched, apex rounded, termen rounded, slightly oblique; pale-ochreous without markings; cilia con- colorous. Hindwings with termen slightly sinuate; pale- ochreous ; cilia concolorous.

Type in coll. Turner.

North Queensland, Townsville, in May; one specimen received from Mr. F. P. Dodd. Queensland, Peak Downs; one specimen in British Museum.

XANTHOPTERA CROCODETA, 7. sp.

(Krokodetos, bound with saffron—in allusion to lines on wings.):

Male, 24 mm. MHead and palpi purplish-grey. Antenne grey, in male shortly ciliated (one-half), with longer bristles (1). Thorax purplish-grey, with a pale-ochreous transverse band behind collar. Abdomen purplish-grey. Legs purplish-grey, posterior pair whitish-ochreous. Forewings triangular, costa scarcely arched, apex round-pointed, termen bowed, oblique; purplish-grey; a pale-ochreous costal streak, narrowing to a point at apex; lines slender, ochreous, not crossing costal streak ; antemedian line straight from beneath one-third costa to one-third dorsum ; a transverse linear faintly darker median discal mark, edged posteriorly with ochreous; postmedian line straight from beneath two-thirds costa to three-fourths dorsum ; subterminal line wavy to vein 5, thence sharply dentate on veins, and ending on tornus ; veins towards termen finely outlined in ochreous; cilia purplish- grey, intersected by continuation of ochreous lines on veins. Hindwings with termen rounded; colour and markings as in forewings, but antemedian line obsolete towards inner margin, and discal mark obsolete.

Type in coll. Turner.

Queensland, Brisbane; one specimen received from Mr. R. Tllidge.

SANDAVA XYLISTIS. Sandava xylistis, Swin., Cat. Oxf. Mus., IT., p. 192 (1900).

Meyr., Tr. E.S., 1902, p. 37. Type in Oxford Museum.

Queensland, Brisbane. Victoria, Melbourne. According to Swinhoe, also from Tasmania.

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EUBLEMMA HEMIRHODA,

Micra hemirhoda, Wlk., Brit. Mus. Cat., XX XIII., p. 799.

Thalpochares basilissa, Meyr., Tr. R.S., S.A, 1891, p. 196.

North Queensland, Townsville, in August; one specimen received from Mr. F. P. Dodd.

RIVULA NIPHODESMA. Rivula nipho leema, Meyr., Tr. R.S., 8.A., 1891, p. 197. Rivula proleuca, Holl., Nov. Zool. North Queenslard, Thursday Island, Cairns, Cardwell. Also from Bourn.

Gen. EssonistIs.

Meyr., Tr. E.S., 1902, p. 36. Zhelxinoa, Turn., P.L.S., N.S.W., 1902, p. 131, is a synonym.

ESSONISTIS MICRAEOLA. Essonistis micraeola, Meyr., Tr. E.S., 1902, p. 36. Thelxinoa calliscia, Turn., P.L.S., N.S.W., 1902, p. 133. Queensland, Brisbane.

Gen. TRISSERNIS.

Meyr., Tr. E.S., 1902, p. 37. Bryomima, Yur eee N.S.W., 1902, p. 134, is a synonym.

TRISSERNIS PRASINOSCIA- Trissernis prasinoscia, Meyr,, Tr. E.S., 1902, p. 37. Bryomima elaeodes, Turn., P.L.S., N.S.W., 1902, p. 134. Queensland, Brisbane.

Section HyYPENINSE,

I would suggest that the distinction between the Hrastriane and Hypenine be based on the palpi, all genera with acutely- pointed palpi being placed in the latter group.

PSEUDAGLOSSA SORDESCENS.

Bleptina (?) sordescens, Rosen., A.M.N.H., 1885, p. 424.

Mormoscopa crossodora, Meyr., Tr. E.S., 1897, p. 371.

Queensland, Brisbane. N.S. Wales, Mount Kosciusko. Vic- toria, Gisborne.

PANILLA MELANOSTICTA, 7. Sp.

(Melanostiktos, black-spotted.)

Female, 21 mm. Head, palpi, thorax, and abdomen dark- fuscous, mixed with whitish. Legs whitish, anterior pair fuscous anteriorly. Forewings triangular, costa straight, apex round- pointed, termen crenulate, bowed, somewhat oblique; fuscous- whitish, with scattered dark-fuscous scales and markings; a

13

suffused basal fascia, followed by a fine dentate transverse line from one-fifth costa to one-third dorsum ; an ill-defined median fascia ; a finely dentate outwardly curved line from three-fifths. costa to two thirds dorsum, succeeded by a whitish line, which again is followed by dark-fuscous blotches on costa and mid-disc ;. four whitish dots on terminal part of costa; a row of subter- minal dots, followed by dark suffusions on apex, mid-termen, and tornus ; a fine terminal line; cilia whitish, mixed with fuscous. Hindwings with termen crenulate, rounded ; colour and irrora- tion as forewings ; a broad suffused dark-fuscous median band ;. ‘subterminal dots, terminal line, and cilia as forewings.

Type in coll. Turner.

Queensland, Bundaberg, Brisbane ; two specimens.

ZETHES BLECHRODES, 12. sp.

(Blechrodes, weak-looking.)

Male, 25 mm. Head and thorax greyish-brown. Palpi very long (5), second joint much elongated (3), terminal joint moderate (1), acute ; greyish brown Antenne ochreous-whitish 5. in male with short pectinations (1), which give rise to tufts of cilia, terminal third simple, ciliated. Abdomen greyish-brown. Legs greyish-brown. Forewings triangular, costa convex at base, moderately excised in middle, apex acute, termen prominently angled on vein 4, above angle slightly excised, beneath crenulate ;. greyish-brown ; a pale brownish-ochreous postmedian line, irro- rated with brown scales, and preceded by a whitish discal lunule rather below middle; traces of a fuscous subterminal line ; an interrupted dark-fuscous terminal line; cilia pale-brownish- ochreous, mixed with fuscous. Hindwings with termen crenulate, sharply angled on vein 4 ; greyish-brown ; a large whitish tornal blotch partly obscured by ground-colour ; terminal line and cilia as forewings.

Sir Geo. Hampson remarks that this species is almost exactly like Zethes pectinifer, Hmps., from India, but the male antenns: are quite different.

Type in coll. Agricultural Department, Queensland.

North Queensland, Cairns ; one specimen.

Gen. PLACEROBELA, nov.

(Plakerobelos, with broad weapons—palpi.)

Head with projecting frontal tuft. Tongue well developed. Palpi obliquely ascending ; second joint moderate, not reaching vertex ; terminal joint much thickened with scales anteriorly, longer than and as broad as second joint, apex obtusely pointed. (Antenne in male unknown.) Thorax with a small posterior crest. Abdomen smooth. Forewings with vein 2 from two

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thirds, 3 and 4 from angle, 7, 8, 9 stalked, 10 from areole. Hindwings with 3 and 4 connate, 5 arising from midway between 4 and middle of cell, 6 and 7 connate. The peculiar palpi appear to sufficiently characterise this genus. PLACEROBELA BRACHYPHYLLA, 1%. sp.

(Brachuphullos, short-winged.)

Female, 32 mm. Head, palpi, antenne, and thorax fuscous. Palpi long (3), second joint as Jong as breadth of eye, terminal joint long (one and half). Legs fuscous. Forewings triangular, costa nearly straight, apex rectangular, termen rather strongly bowed, slightly oblique; pale-fuscous, finely strigulated with darker fuscous ; obscure discal dots at one-fourth, and mid-dise towards costa ; a straight line from mid-costa to three-fifths dorsum forms the sharp anterior edge of a paler area which posteriorly is suf- fused ; a series of obscure whitish terminal dots on veins ; cilia fuscous. Hindwings with termen strongly bowed ; fuscous ; cilia fuscous.

Type in coll. Turner.

North Queensland, Townsville, in April ; one specimen received from Mr. F. P. Dodd.

HYPENA GYPSOSPILA, 7%. Sp.

(Gupsos, chalk, and spilos, a spot—in allusion to the spot on hindwing.)

Female, 32 mm. MHead fuscous, frontal tuft with a few whitish scales. Antenne fuscous, inferior surface towards base ochreous-whitish (anterior portions broken off). Thorax pale-ochreous-brown. (Abdomen broken.) Legs fuscous. Fore- wings triangular, costa very slightly arched, apex pointed, termen rather strongly bowed, slightly oblique ; pale-ochreous- brown, with a few sparsely scattered blackish scales ; a blackish dot beneath costa at one-fourth ; a straight brown line from costa at three-fifths to mid-dorsum, edged posteriorly by a fine white line—a small greyish suffusion follows this line on dorsum; a waved subterminal line of minute blackish dots, a brown line close to termen leaving terminal edge paler ; cilia fuscous, with a pale median line. Hindwings with termen strongly rounded ; dark-fuscous ; a large ochreous-whitish blotch at apex ; between blotch and tornus there is an ochreous-whitish terminal line, bisected by a conspicuous dark-fuscous line; cilia fuscous, on apical blotch ochreous-whitish.

Type in Queensland Museum.

North Queensland, Cairns, in November ; one specimen, taken by Mr. C. J. Wild.

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MARAPANA RHODEA, 1. sp.

(hodeos, rosy.)

Male, 32 mm. Head and thorax ochreous-whitish, faintly pinkish tinged, with a few scattered black scales. Palpi rather long (3), porrect, ochreous-whitish, with a few black scales. Antenne ochreous-whitish ; in male simple, with a short bristle (1) on each segment. Abdomen pinkish, with a few blackish scales. Legs ochreous-whitish ; bases of outer spurs and a few scattered scales blackish. Forewings elongate-oblong, costa scarcely arched, apex acute, termen sinuate, scarcely oblique ; ochreous-whitish, faintly pinkish-tinged, with sparsely scattered blackish scales ; a minute blackish dot in mid-disc ; a suffused line of dark irroration from apex towards mid-dorsum, followed by a series of minute blackish dots; a series of minute blackish dots between veins close to termen; cilia ochreous-whitish. Hindwings truncate at tornus, termen gently rounded above tornus ; ochreous-whitish, suffused with pink ; a series of dark- fuscous dots close to termen; a fine interrupted dark-fuscous terminal line ; cilia ochreous-whitish.

Type in coll. Turner.

North Queensland, Cairns; one specimen, received from Mr.

HH. Tryon. TIPASA DEMONIAS. Trigonisiis demonias, Meyr., Tr. E.S., 1902, p. 39. Tipasa macrobela, Turn., P.L.S8., N.'S.W., 1902, p. 126. Queensland, Brisbane.

TIPASA ASTHENOPA. Trigonistis asthenopa, Meyr., Tr. ES., 1902, p. 40. Prolophota camptoloma, Turn., P.L.S., N.S.W., 1902, p. 127. I think these are the same. The species is probably variable,

but recognisable by the strongly sinuate termen of forewing. Queensland, Brisbane. N.S. Wales, Gosford.

Section HYBLAEIN®. HYBLAEA IBIDIAS. Alyblaea ibidias, Turn., P.L.S., N.S.W., 1902, p. 155 Recent captures have shown that this species is variabie. The forewings may be grey, and both fore and hind wings may be marked with numerous fuscous dots and blotches. Queensland, Brisbane.

LYMANTRIADZ.

Gen. HAPLOPSEUSTIS.

Meyr., Tr. H.5.;.1902, p. 34 Acnissa, Turn., Tr. R.S.,8.A, 1902, p. 180, is a synonym of

16

this. I may have been mistaken in referring the genus to this: family. Certainly the connection of vein 8 with the cell is nearer the base than in Huproctis, and the apparent resemblance. in other characters to that genus may be deceptive.

HAPLOPSEUSTIS ERYTHRIAS. Haplopseustis erythrias, Meyr., Tr. E.S., 1902, p. 34. Acnissa pyrrhias, Turn., Tr. R.S., S.A., 1902, p. 180. North Australia, Port Darwin. North Queensland, Towns- ville. Queensland, Brisbane,

EuPRoctTis EDWARDSI. Teara edwardsi, Newm., Tr. E.S,IV., p. 54 (1856), p. 284,. Pl) xvii, 4..10. Teara togata, Luc., P.L.S., N.S.W., 1891, p. 285. Queensland, Brisbane. Victoria, Melbourne. South Aus- tralia, Adelaide.

CARAGOLA CLARA.

Redoa clara, Wik , Brit. Mus. Cat., XX XIT., p. 343. Caviria clara, Hmps., Moths Ind., I., p. 490.

Porthesia collucens, Luc., P.L8., N.S.W., 1889, p. 1090. Queensland, Brisbane.

REDOA TRANSIENS.

Redoa transiens, Wik., J. Linn. Soc., VI., p. 128. North Queensland, Armidale, near Townsville, in December 3. one specimen, received from Mr. F. P. Dodd.

LAELIA OBSOLETA.

Bombyx obsoleta, Fab., Ent. Syst., ITI., I., p. 463. Laelia eremaea, Meyr, Tr. RS, S.A., 1891, p. 193.

Queensland, Duaringa, Brisbane. ORGYIA AUSTRALIS.

Femaie, Orgyia australis, W)k., Brit. Mus. Cat., [V., p. 787.. Lacida postica, W\k., Brit. Mus. Cat., IV., p. 803.

Orgyia canifascia, Wlk., Brit. Mus. Cat., XX XIT., p. 325. Queensland, Brisbane.

COLUSSA DENTICULATA.

Teara denticulata, Newm, Tr. E.S., 1856, p. 283. Darala basigera, W\k., Brit. Mus. Cat., XX XII., p. 372.. Darala undulata, Feld., Reise Nov., Pl. 98, f. 11.

We

CoLussA CONNEXA.

Darala connexa, W1ik., Brit. Mus. Cat., IV., p. 898: Darala fervens, Wik., Brit. Mus. Cat., IV., p. 898.

Darala postica, Wik., Brit. Mus. Cat., IV., p. 899.

Darala zonata, Feld., Reise Nov., Pl. 99, f. 1.

HERACULA LEONINA, 2. Sp.

(Leoninus, like a lion, tawny.)

Male, 58 mm. Head, palpi, and antenne pale-ochreous. Thorax deep-ochreous, mixed with whitish. Abdomen deep- ochreous, mixed with whitish; base of tuft whitish. Legs. whitish-ochreous ; tarsi and anterior tibie dark-fuscous. Fore- wings elongate-oval, costa slightly arched, more so towards apex,. apex rounded, termen very obliquely rounded ; ochreous-brown ; costal and dorsal edge ochreous; a longitudinal oval whitish spot in mid-disc near base; another rather smaller oval whitish spot at end of cell; veins towards termen outlined in whitish- ochreous ; cilia ochreous, mixed with brownish. Hindwings with termen rounded, bright-ochreous ; cilia ochreous.

Type in Queensland Museum.

North Queensland (1); one specimen, without locality.

OLENE HORSFIELDI,

Saund., Tr. E.S8., 1851, p. 162. Hamps., Moths Ind., I., p. 448 (to which refer for synonymy).

North Queensland, Townsville, in June; one male specimen, bred by Mr. F. P. Dodd. There is a female in the Queensland Museum.

Queensland, Brisbane, in May.

OLENE MENDOSA.

Olene mendosa, Hb., Zutr. Exot. Schm., III, p. 19, Pl. 147, f, 293-4. Feld., Reise Nov., Pl. 99, f. 6. )

Antipha basalis, Wlk., Brit. Mus. Cat., IV., p. 806.

Nioda fusiformis, W1k., Brit. Mus. Cat., V., p. 1,070.

Rilia lanceolata, W1k., Brit. Mus. Cat., V., p. 1,075.

Dasychira sawanta, Moore, Lep. E.I. Co., p. 340.

Dasychira basalis, W\k., Brit. Mus. Cat., XX XII., p. 362.

Dasychira divisa, Wlk., Brit. Mus. Cat., XXXII, p. 363.

Dasychira basigera, Wik., Brit. Mus. Cat., XXXII, p. 363.

fiilia distinguenda, W1k., Brit. Mus. Cat., XXXII. p. 435.

frlia basivitta, W1k., Brit. Mus. Cat., XX XIT., p. 436.

Turriga invasa, Wik., Char. Undescr. Lep. Het., p. 15.

Comment is needless!

North Queensland, Cooktown, Townsville. Queensland, Duaringa, Brisbane.

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PSALIS SECURIS.

Psalis securis, Hb., Zutr. Exot. Schm., III., p. 9, Pl. 146, f, 291-2.

Arestha antica, W\k., Brit. Mus. Cat., IV., p. 805.

Rigema falcata, W\k., Brit. Mus. Cat., XX XITL., p. 437.

Rigema tacta, W\k., Brit. Mus. Cat., XX XII., p. 438.

Anticyra approximata, Wik., Brit. Mus. Cat., XX XIT., p. 440.

Queensland, Brisbane.

(Fam. URANIADA. Sub-fam. URANIANA.

ACROPTERIS JUSTARIA. Micronia justaria, Wlk., Brit. Mus. Cat., XXIII. p. 821. North Australia, Port Darwin. North Queensland, Thursday Island, Cairns, Johnstone River.

ACROPTERIS STRIATARIA, Clerck. Teste, Hmps., Moths Ind., [II., p. 115. Micronia teriadata, Gn., Lep., X., p. 29. Anteia canescens, Luc., P.L.S., N.S.W., 1891, p. 300. North Queensland, Cape York, Townsville. Queensland, Rockhampton. ACROPTERIS NANULA.

Micronia nanula, Warr., Nov. Zool., 1898, p. 226. Queensland, Westwood, Killarney ; a series in October.

PSEUDOMICRONIA DISCATA, Micronia discata, Warr., Nov. Zool., 1899, p. 319. Anteia doddsiana, Luc., P.B.S., Q, 1899, p. 149. Priority of publication rests. I believe, with Mr. Warren’s name. Queensland, Brisbane, Toowoomba.

Sub-fam. EpIPLEMINE

A difficult group; the species are nearly all small, inconspicu- ous, and rather variable, and the published descriptions very difficult to identify. The generic revision of the sub-family will be no easy task, and it may be noted in passing that vein 11 of forewings may be either free or strongly anastomosing with 12 within the limits of the same species.

EPIPLEMA COERULEOTINCTA, Warr.

North Queensland, Townsville, in April; two specimens, received from Mr. F. P. Dodd.

19

EPIPLEMA ARGILLODES, 7. sp

(Argillodes, like clay.)

Male and female, 21-28 mm. Head white; face and palpi dark-brown. Antenne whitish. Thorax grey-whitish ; in female brownish-tinged. Abdomen grey-whitish, with a few fuscous scales on penultimate segment ; in female brownish-tinged. Legs ochreous-whitish, anterior tibize and tarsi pale-grey. Forewings triangular, costa moderately arched, apex forming an obtuse rectangular projection, termen sigmoid beneath projection ; grey- whitish, more or less irrorated with dark-fuscous; in female brownish-tinged ; markings dark-fuscous; an obscure series of minute dots on costa; sometimes a dot in disc beneath one-third costa, opposite another above two-fifths dorsum, representing antemedian line; a dot beneath two-thirds costa, sometimes followed by a second dot, opposite a larger spot on two-thirds dorsum, representing postmedian line ; a well-marked terminal dot just beneath apex, followed by a conspicuous dark line on concave part of termen, sometimes interrupted ; cilia whitish, mixed with dark-fuscous. Hindwings with termen angled and slightly projecting .on vein 7, slightly excavated beneath projec- tion, rather strongly bowed on vein 4, and slightly projecting at tornus ; colour and irroration as forewings ; traces of antemedian line near inner margin at one-third; a strongly marked post- median line from inner-margin at two-thirds not reaching costa, obsolete in female ; cilia whitish. Under surface brown-whitish, with a few fuscous scales.

Type in coll. Turner.

(Jueensland, Gympie, Brisbane ; three specimens, received from Mr. F. P. Dodd and Mr. R. Illidge.

EPIPLEMA CONFLICTARIA.

Erosia conflictaria, W\k., Brit. Mus. Cat., XXIII, p. 851. Hmps., Moths Ind., III., p. 129. fe

North Queensland, Geraldton, Townsville; two specimens, in